Italy, united in 1861, has significantly contributed to the cultural and social development of the entire Mediterranean area. Many cultures and civilizations have existed there since prehistoric times.”  11111.png 222222.png

“The name Italy (Italia) is an ancient name for the country and people of Southern Italy. Mythological roots of the name date back to a legendary ancient king named 'Italus', though a more likely origin may be from ancient Oscan VÍTELIÚ, meaning "land of young cattle", as Italy was a land rich in cattle since ancient times. The name Italia was imposed upon the Roman Republic by the conquering Italic tribes of the contemporary Abruzzo region, centering in the area of Corfinium (Corfinio).”


“Important relics of neolithic Italy are the Rock Drawings in Valcamonica, dating from about 8000 BC.”
333333333333333.jpg Valcamonica - Rock Drawings (Graffiti)

Copper Age

“At the same time of the appearance of metalwork, Indo-European people migrated to Italy. Approximately four waves of population from north to the Alps have been identified. A first Indo-European migration occurred around the mid-3rd millennium BC, from population who imported copper smithing. The Remedello culture took over the Po Valley.”

“The Remedello culture (Italian Cultura di Remedello) developed during the Copper Age (3rd millennium BC) in Northern Italy, particularly in the area of the Po valley. The name comes from the town of Remedello (BS) where several burials were discovered in the late 19th century.”
“The Remedello culture is associated in the traditional historiography with the first identified wave of Indo-European peoples who entered in Italy and took over the Po Valley.”
Bronze Age
“A second wave of immigration occurred from the late 3rd-early 2nd millennium BC, with tribes identified with the Beaker culture and by the use of bronze smiting, in the Padan Plain, in Tuscany and on the coasts of Sardinia and Sicily.”
“In the mid-2nd millennium BC, a third wave arrived, associated with the Terramare culture. The Terramare culture takes its name from the black earth (terremare) residue of settlement mounds, which have long served the fertilizing needs of local farmers. The occupations of the terramare people as compared with their Neolithic predecessors may be inferred with comparative certainty. They were still hunters, but had domesticated animals; they were fairly skillful metallurgists, casting bronze in moulds of stone and clay, and they were also agriculturists, cultivating beans, the vine, wheat and flax.”

The Middle Ages (6th to 14th Century)

“A brief history of Italy in the Middle Ages begins with a series of invasions. In 493, the Ostrogoths, an eastern Germanic tribe, conquered the Italian peninsula. The resulting Gothic War led to the Lombards, another Germanic tribe, establishing a kingdom in northern Italy and three regions in the South in 568. Subsequently, the popes began building an independent state. In 756, when the Franks (French) defeated the Lombards, they granted the popes authority over central Italy, and the Papal States were created. The northern states of Lombardy, Piedmont, Emilia-Romagna and Tuscany were ruled by the Germanic Holy Roman Empire from 962.”
6666666666666666666666666.gifDuring the Middle Ages, much of Italy was controlled by the Holy Roman Empire.
Unification (1814 to 1861)
“Our brief history of Italy culminates in unification. The Risorgimento was a complex process that eventually unified the different states of the Italian peninsula into the modern nation of Italy. The movement began in 1815 with a growing resentment towards the peninsula's domination by Austria.”
7777777777777777777777777777777.jpgItaly Italian unification process (Risorgimento)”

Modern Day History of Rome & Italy 88888888888888888888888888.jpg italyaaaaaaaaaa.png

“The modern-day history of Rome begins with the unification of Italy and the crowning of Vittorio Emmanuele through to the torrid days of the rule of Mussolini when Italy was thrown into a doomed colloaboration with nazi Germany.”

“The Romans made fun of the monument of Vittorio Emanuele inaugurated in 1911 in Piazza Venezia by calling it the wedding cake or the dentures (‘dentiera'). The marble monster designed in 1885 by Giuseppe Sacconi and carried out by Pio Piacentini, Manfredo Manfredi and Gaetano Koch was only finished in 1927 under the Duce. This alter dedicated to the homeland served more to divide that unite the Romans and Italians, not only regarding the judgement of it's artistic value.”ikinci.jpg ncü.png dört.png altı.png